Bill & Summary Status from the Library of Congress
PERSIAN GULF WAR POW/MIA ACCOUNTABILITY ACT OF 2002
[[Page 116 STAT. 1738]]
Public Law 107-258
To amend the Bring Them Home Alive Act of 2000 to provide an asylum
program with regard to American Persian Gulf War POW/MIAs, and for other
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress <> assembled,
SECTION 1. <> SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the ``Persian Gulf War POW/MIA Accountability
Act of 2002''.
SEC. 2. AMERICAN PERSIAN GULF WAR POW/MIA ASYLUM PROGRAM.
(a) Asylum Program.--The Bring Them Home Alive Act of 2000 (Public
Law 106-484; 114 Stat. 2195; 8 U.S.C. 1157 note) is amended by inserting
after section 3 the following new section:
``SEC. 3A. AMERICAN PERSIAN GULF WAR POW/MIA ASYLUM PROGRAM.
``(a) Asylum for Eligible Aliens.--Notwithstanding any other provision
of law, the Attorney General shall grant refugee status in the United
States to any alien described in subsection (b), upon the application
of that alien.
``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), an alien described
in this subsection is--
``(A) any alien who--
``(i) is a national of Iraq or a nation of the
Greater Middle East Region (as determined by the Attorney General in
consultation with the Secretary of State); and
``(ii) personally delivers into the custody of the United States Government
a living American Persian Gulf War POW/MIA; and
``(B) any parent, spouse, or child of an alien described in subparagraph
``(2) Exceptions.--An alien described in this subsection does not include
a terrorist, a persecutor, a person who has been convicted of a serious
criminal offense, or a person who presents a danger to the security
of the United States, as set forth in clauses (i) through (v) of section
208(b)(2)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1158(b)(2)(A)).
[[Page 116 STAT. 1739]]
``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
``(1) American persian gulf war pow/mia.--
``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the term
`American Persian Gulf War POW/MIA' means an individual--
``(i) who is a member of a uniformed service (within the meaning of
section 101(3) of title 37, United States Code) in a missing status
(as defined in section 551(2) of such title and this subsection) as
a result of the Persian Gulf War, or any successor conflict, operation,
or action; or
``(ii) who is an employee (as defined in section 5561(2) of title 5,
United States Code) in a missing status (as defined in section 5561(5)
of such title) as a result of the Persian Gulf War, or any successor
conflict, operation, or action.
``(B) Exclusion.--Such term does not include an individual with respect
to whom it is officially determined under section 552(c) of title 37,
United States Code, that such individual is officially absent from such
individual's post of duty without authority.
``(2) Missing status.--The term `missing status', with respect to the
Persian Gulf War, or any successor conflict,
operation, or action, means the status of an individual as a result
of the Persian Gulf War, or such conflict, operation, or action, if
immediately before that status began the individual--
``(A) was performing service in Kuwait, Iraq, or another nation of the
Greater Middle East Region; or
``(B) was performing service in the Greater Middle East Region in direct
support of military operations in Kuwait or Iraq.
``(3) Persian gulf war.--The term `Persian Gulf War' means the period
beginning on August 2, 1990, and ending on the date thereafter prescribed
by Presidential proclamation or by law.''.
(b) Broadcasting Information.--Section 4(a)(2) <> of that Act is amended--
(1) by striking ``and'' at the end of subparagraph (A);
(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (B) and inserting
``; and''; and
[[Page 116 STAT. 1740]]
(3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
``(C) Iraq, Kuwait, or any other country of the Greater Middle East
Region (as determined by the International Broadcasting Bureau in consultation
with the Attorney General and the Secretary of State).''.
Approved October 29, 2002.
LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 1339:
HOUSE REPORTS: No. 107-749, Pt. 1 (Comm. on the Judiciary).
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 148 (2002):
July 29, considered and passed Senate.
Oct. 15, considered and passed House.